The history of alkaline water began not so long ago – in the early 1970s. A Russian scientist, professor S. Aliochin, was entrusted with the task to develop an emulsion to be used in oil and mining wells. It was at that time that he made the first water ioniser, which he used for water electrolysis. The results were amazing as apart from the fact that the water obtained met the parameters of the sought emulsion, it turned out that the workers who used this water for washing had their wounds and sunburns healed much faster. Alkaline water was then called “living water”. The first tests of its therapeutic properties also demonstrated that acidic water (which is also a product of electrolysis) had strong antibacterial properties. This water, on the other hand, was called “dead water”.
Ionised alkaline water is created during water electrolysis. In this process, electric current passes through water, causing the separation of the water with all salts dissolved in it into two parts: alkaline (with pH above 7) and acidic (with pH below 7). Negative ions OH- (hydroxyl ions) dominate in the alkaline part, and positive ones H+ (hydrogen ions) – in the acidic part. The salts present in the water dissolve during electrolysis into positive metal ions (calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium) and negative acidic residues (containing sulphur, phosphorus and chlorine).
After completing the process of electrolysis, the current stops flowing and water parameters return to the original state. However, the achieved parameters may be maintained by using a device called ioniser. In this device, a water vessel is divided into two compartments separated by a semipermeable membrane. An electrode called cathode is inserted into one compartment, and another electrode called anode – into the other one. Low-voltage current is connected to these electrodes. As a result of the flowing current, the cathode attracts positively charged ions of alkali metals, while the anode attracts negatively charged ions of acidic residues. The membrane separating the two compartments prevents the two types of water, i.e. alkaline and acidic water, from mixing. Detailed description of operation and use of an ioniser is available here.
Everyone should drink about 2 – 2.5 litre of ionised alkaline water per day. It is also important that during electrolysis, also acidic water is produced in addition to alkaline water. This water also has remarkable properties, as it is a strong antibacterial agent. Apart from this, an ioniser can produce silver water, which in turn is a very good and natural antibiotic. You can read about the properties of these kinds of water here. Now, however, you will learn about the properties of alkaline water as a wonderful medium, which will make your body recover and provide it with the ideal environment to maintain your health.
The ORP ratio of ionised alkaline water is maintained within the range between -150 and -250 mV, which shows that this water contains very large amounts of free electrons. More information about the REDOX potential and ORP ratio can be found on the blog here. Atomic hydrogen is the supplier of these electrons. As it is very active, hydrogen easily enters into reactions, during which these free electrons are released. This feature of alkaline water is particularly relevant in the process of neutralisation of the effects of free radicals.
Free radicals are molecules, which are naturally produced in the human body during metabolic reactions. These are mainly oxygen and hydroxyl radicals. Their significant feature is that they are very active due to their tendency to quickly react with other compounds, and thus receive electrons from these compounds. A certain amount of free radicals is necessary for us as they protect our bodies against excessive growth of bacteria and viruses. However, problems occur if there are too many free radicals. Due to their chemical activity, they attack healthy cells of our bodies and damage them by depriving them of their electrons. Then, chemical reactions may occur, which can get out of control of the body and initiate the growth of cancer cells as well as other diseases. There is medical evidence that free radicals attack and effectively damage cellular DNA code as well.
If you drink ionised alkaline water, you provide your body with a large amount of additional free electrons. Then, free radicals have a “supplier” of free electrons owing to the active hydrogen. It is also noteworthy that when hydrogen reacts with free radicals, whether oxygen or hydroxyl ones, it produces additional amounts of oxygen and water in our bodies. Thus, such water has very strong antioxidant properties protecting healthy body cells and strengthening our immune systems.
The ORP values in the human body vary within the range from +50 to -200 mV. The exact value depends on the particular internal organ. As you have seen in the video above, ORP of different fluids, even that of drinking water (mineral or tap water), is in the range between +150 and +250. The difference in the ORP values of body fluids and drinking fluids makes the body use its vital energy to correct the ORP of beverages consumed. Therefore, people who consume large quantities of carbonated beverages containing colourings have lower life energy or even show symptoms of chronic fatigue. In addition, a large amount of such fluids will not be able to get into cells and will be removed from the body through the urinary tract. This often leads to kidney diseases, as kidneys are excessively involved in the process of filtration.
The ORP ratios in the ionised alkaline water are close to the ORP level of body fluids (mainly blood, interstitial fluid and lymph). Thus, alkaline water with alkaline pH and ORP substantially below -100 mV is effectively used by the body at once.
Alkaline pH values are most suitable for the human body environment. All fluids (except for urine and gastric juice, which are acidic) as well as internal organs are slightly alkaline. Unfortunately, over the years, human body becomes more acidic. The increased intensity of acidic residues is associated with the risk of diseases. This is the reason for increased demand for alkaline minerals, which can be supplemented only through food and beverages. Apart from hydroxyl ions (OH-), ionised alkaline water contains ions of alkali metals (calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium), which are needed to neutralise acidic residues. These are necessary in large quantities for the effective functioning of most organs. During the process of electrolysis, acidifying groups (containing chlorine, sulphur and phosphorus) are removed from alkaline water. Such groups remain in acidic water. This is why drinking alkaline water with only alkaline minerals keeps our internal environment at an optimal level for our health and effective functioning of all our organs.
Due to its structure, water is a dipole, which means that its molecules tend to combine into larger formations. The average size of such formations is between 14 and 18 combined molecules. This causes that such water has problems with penetration of the cell membrane and the body has to use all its energy to process it. Alkaline water molecules are composed of much smaller formations (up to 5-6 molecules). Therefore, alkaline water penetrates the cell membrane immediately after consumption and is directly used in the metabolic processes. This property of such water causes better hydration of tissues as well as dissolution and removal of toxins. Alkaline water effectively neutralises and dissolves acidic residues, which are later excreted by the kidneys.
Alkaline water also has considerably lower surface tension, which makes it much more liquid. Some say that alkaline water is wetter. Its surface tension is almost lower by half than tap water tension. As we know, human blood is in 90% made of water. Drinking the appropriate amount of alkaline water prevents our blood from thickening. This is very important, as when there are too many acidic substances in our bodies, blood thickens (because of red blood cells clumping), its circulation is lower and the threat of blood clots is significantly increased. If we drink alkaline water, our blood is naturally liquid.
It provides your body with more oxygen Negative OH- ions dominate in alkaline water. When we drink such water, our bodies have an extra dose of oxygen. Life and energy are wherever oxygen is present. The process of internal metabolism mainly depends on the environment where various reactions take place. If there is not enough oxygen, the decomposition of carbohydrates is only partial. Fermentation processes are triggered, in which lactic acid is produced, which additionally acidifies the environment. It has also been scientifically proven that cancer cells develop when the oxygen content in metabolic processes is low